Fieldwork on the Road Appendix B. Books Digital Products Journals.
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Disciplines Religion Christianity. About the Book Each year thousands of men and women from more than sixty countries journey by foot and bicycle across northern Spain, following the medieval pilgrimage road known as the Camino de Santiago. About the Author Nancy Louise Frey is an anthropologist and writer. Reviews "Reading Pilgrim Stories is as close as one will ever get to the sights, sounds, anxieties, pains and deeper meanings of the Santiago pilgrimage, short of making the pilgrimage oneself.
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This is probably the most comprehensive as well as the most vivid account of the pilgrimage ever written. A triumph of anthropological fieldwork unraveling a fine web of cultural and spiritual meanings. She takes her often confused and disoriented subjects seriously, and in her reporting allows us to glimpse the dissatisfactions and frustrations of the contemporary West.
Christian, Jr. These two criticisms — a dominating substructural model that forces a story to conform to the model and does not allow it to speak for itself; and the consequent formulaic predictability — are the key criticisms of structuralist narratives and substructural character roles.
There are further problems, though, that can be clearly demonstrated. At the extremes of human experience, normality and order break down. Roles are no longer rigid and well-defined; they start to falter and ultimately collapse. This is liminality — being at the thresholds and boundaries, the limits of life. But both their actions ultimately help Neo. Liminality, the extremes of human experience where normality and order break down. Standoffish, judgemental, insulting her at the dance and rude throughout the story, he even tries to break up Mr Bingley and Jane.
We eventually discover that he is desperately in love with Elizabeth and he becomes dashingly heroic. In Wuthering Heights , Heathcliff is a poor orphan, then a romantic hero consumed with his love for Cathy, then leaves so he can make enough money to one day win her over. In Frankenstein , Frankenstein is the doctor, not the monster … except he is the monster, as well. He is a scientific genius wracked with grief at the death of his mother.
He creates a living being out of dead body parts, essentially a baby … and then abandons it, fearing and hating his offspring. Opponents are helpers, helpers are opponents, all at the same time in liminal experiences. Heroes are villains are heroes; villains become heroes become villains.
The Stories on the Way Curriculum
What is possibly more important, though, is a vital trait of this brief excursion: we have already returned to the surface, to the realm of specific characters and embodied, whole people in these iconic stories. One final question should be raised. Advocates of essential roles, basic character traits and substructure narrative models give examples of characters and stories that fit the model but do not talk about characters or stories that do not fit the model. Moreover, as things are pointed out that do not fit then advocates of these essential roles and substructural models do very slippery things.
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So anything goes, any variation, any order, any number — it all fits the model. Similar contortions happen in other models of story, character and personality. Similarly, brilliant stories that do not have any sense of a heroic journey nor characters that fit a given personality mould are simply ignored. These are not heroic journeys. They are simply lives. I am not arguing here that the depths do not exist. Rather, I would suggest that it is the surface of characters that we encounter first, the real embodied personalities, people who are acting and suffering in the world of their story.
is she off her rocker?… – and other stories along the way
And as we encounter the actual characters in the surface of the story — what the story actually says about them — then we start to think about similarities with other characters, which prompts us to look a little deeper, to the traits, qualities and tropes they share. He is not the embodiment of a hero who is about to depart on a metaphorical journey, but a real person struggling to find himself amongst the limitations of his family and his provincial town.
They urge us to look deeper, past their surface, to see within them patterns of behaviour, to see traits and types and qualities. The way that a character embodies traits and types and qualities is not a repetition, but it does rhyme. We get to ruminate on the power of hope, the terror of loneliness, the corruption of money, the lust of ambition, the comfort of companionship, the joy of triumph, the grip of obsession, the wonder of discovery.
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They help us reflect on what love will drive us to do, how fear can immobilise, what we will do to pursue justice, the desolation when justice escapes us. Each character is an embodiment of traits and types and qualities but none are an instance of a role.
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The way that a character embodies those traits and types and qualities is not a repetition, but it does rhyme. It is not a repetition because each character, whether human or otherwise, is an individual, a unique person with their own hopes and abilities, fears and failings, shaped by a distinct set of events peculiar to them and them alone.
But it rhymes because we human beings are social, we are impressionable, we are affected by each other and inspired by each other and we emulate each other. In summary, then, models of character types and theories of personality are abundant, but they are deeply problematic. They presume an underlying order to the human psyche, a pre-existing systematic regularity without adequate evidence or reasoned justification. They can help us begin to understand but they are a pale imitation and a dull reflection of the complexity and fecundity of being human.
Rather, when we read we encounter characters on the page or the silver screen, the newsprint, etc. We see them in the surface of the story as they are presented in the text, as people, with the richness of real lives and real histories, real hopes and struggles.
Tips We Picked Up Along The Way
We must let them, and the textual world in which we find them, speak for themselves, from their own experiences, with their own personality. As we encounter characters in the surface of the text we are drawn down below, into the depths, where we are confronted with the things that we share, the things that are common, the ways we are alike. And that kicks us back up to the surface where we can breathe again in the reality of the lives of the characters in our stories.
This exercise can help shift our perspective from the more fixed mindset of labels and judgment to a more open, curious, and resilient way of being. They routinely ask themselves: Am I succeeding or failing? But imagine for a moment if you approached your work like a beginner and gave up the need to be an expert. Imagine if you relaxed the need to feel safe, right, and important. It may sound counterintuitive but this can actually bolster our confidence, flexibility, and effectiveness.
This is true when it comes to leadership, healthy relationships, meditation practice, and enjoying and appreciating this human life. This attitude can also be useful when giving or receiving feedback.